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World

In Xi’s Homage to Korean War, a Jab at the U.S.


SEOUL, South Korea — First China’s leader, Xi Jinping, visited the national military museum in Beijing and hailed the country’s “victory in the war to resist American aggression and aid Korea.” Then he wrote a public letter to veterans in a retirement home in Sichuan.

On Friday, culminating a weeklong commemoration of the Korean War, he delivered a pugnacious and at times visceral homage to those who sacrificed against the country’s enemies, the United States foremost of them all.

“The Chinese people don’t go looking for trouble, but nor do they fear it,” Mr. Xi said before hundreds of party officials, military officers and aged veterans in the Great Hall of the People in Beijing. “Confronted with any hardships or dangers, the calves of their legs will not shake, and their backs will not bend.”

For Mr. Xi and the country’s propagandists, the anniversary of China’s entry into the Korean War 70 years ago this week could hardly have come at a more opportune time. The country, in their telling, is once again facing an unprovoked assault by a superpower determined to thwart China’s rise. This time the United States, under President Trump, has targeted China’s trade policy, its technological advances and its territorial ambitions.

The anniversary unfolded with a barrage of commemorative events, exhibitions, television documentaries and feature films. They all conveyed the same message: The Chinese people have stood up to the United States before and, regardless of the costs, they will again.

Another Chinese leader, in a different era, might have moderated the rhetoric before the United States election to avoid alienating the American political and business establishment. Not Mr. Xi.

“Seventy years ago, imperialist invaders brought the flames of war burning to the doorway of the new China,” he said on Friday. “The Chinese people have a deep understanding that in responding to invaders, one must speak to them in a language that they understand.”

The events commemorating the war — long known as the “forgotten war” in the United States — have followed a series of military drills and an outburst of propaganda. Together they have signaled a hardening resolve against the United States and further raised tensions inflamed by the coronavirus pandemic and President Trump’s continuing derision of China.

Popular opinion in both countries has soured as a result, creating animosity that is not likely to ease soon, regardless of the outcome of the American election, which is now less than two weeks away.

“Seventy years ago, China was poor and weak,” Cheng Xiaohe, an associate professor at the School of International Studies at Renmin University in Beijing, said in an interview after Mr. Xi’s speech on Friday. “Facing the United States as a superpower, China fought. Is there anything I dare not do now?”

History in China has long been repurposed to fit political needs, leaving little room for a frank reckoning with the past. In the last two decades, some Chinese historians quietly challenged the heroic official narrative of Mao’s decision to thrust the country into the Korean War, fought from 1950 to 1953. But that story has long been a pillar of the founding mythology of the People’s Republic of China, and Mr. Xi relived its highlights in his remarks.

Coming barely a year after the country’s founding, the war was a searing and painful test. When it broke out, China remained at war with the nationalist forces of Chiang Kai-shek that had retreated to Taiwan, and also faced armed resistance to its invasion of Tibet.

Chinese forces crossed the Yalu River to aid the retreating North Korean army on Oct. 19, 1950; six days later, they fought their first battle with the allied troops fighting under a United Nations mandate. According to China’s official account, which Mr. Xi cited on Friday, 197,000 Chinese died in the war, though historians broadly agree that the actual toll was much higher.

Commemorations of the war have ebbed and flowed in intensity over the decades for reasons having little to do with the war itself.

Guan Ling, a commentator with Duowei News, the Chinese-language site based in New York, has chronicled how major anniversaries have reflected the country’s respective leaders and geopolitical circumstances.

Mao Zedong played down the 20th anniversary in 1970 as he sought a normalization of relations with the United States, whereas Jiang Zemin in 2000 emphasized the 50th, which occurred in the wake of the American bombing of the Chinese Embassy in Serbia during the Kosovo war the year before.

John Delury, a professor of Chinese studies at Yonsei University in Seoul and author of a forthcoming book on the Korean War, said that Mr. Xi had delivered a similar speech as vice president 10 years ago, although in substance and tone it was less combative.

“There’s a different resonance now,” Mr. Delury said. “He’s hitting the stand-up-to-America theme pretty hard now. It’s getting intense.”

Mr. Xi also appeared to have a domestic audience in mind. He and the rest of the party leadership are scheduled to gather next week in a closed-door assembly to discuss China’s priorities for the next five years. He used Friday’s speech to restate his case for the primacy of the Communist Party leadership, with himself at the core.

It is a theme he has often invoked amid the pandemic, which, despite early missteps, his government has managed to bring under control domestically. Even the sight of a cadre of hundreds in a crowded hall — all wearing masks — was a striking contrast to bans on gatherings in many countries.

Mr. Xi’s speech had a strikingly hawkish tone, describing at one point the sacrifices of soldiers who had used their bodies as shields against a far superior force. “They smashed the myth that the American military was invincible,” he said.

Since coming to power in 2012, Mr. Xi has reorganized the Chinese military, trying to create a modern, multipronged fighting force, a model that he said the Korean War first taught the People’s Liberation Army.

For most in China, the war has become a distant memory. Its remaining veterans are gradually dying off, and Chinese society today is unimaginably transformed from the impoverished China of the 1950s. The country has not experienced war now since 1979, when it invaded Vietnam and was routed.

Lest the idea of war become an abstraction, the party’s propaganda apparatus has churned out dozens of programs. A six-part documentary aired each night this week on state television. The nightly news casts have featured not only Mr. Xi’s appearances, as always, but also profiles of soldiers who fought and died.

Film studios have responded to government directives and produced a series of feature films, including an animated movie, called “Salute to Heroes,” that is aimed at younger audiences.

Also having its opening on Friday was a blockbuster about the war starring Wu Jing, the lead actor in the “Wolf Warrior” action film franchise that has given a name to Chinese diplomacy of late. The film depicts Chinese soldiers keeping a vital river crossing open against relentless American bombardment. Its title in English: “The Sacrifice.”

Near the end, an American pilot marvels at the tenacity of the soldiers below. He radios back to his commanders that their attacks have failed. “There’s nothing we can do to stop them.”

Steven Lee Myers reported from Seoul, South Korea, and Chris Buckley from Sydney, Australia. Claire Fu and Amber Wang in Beijing contributed research.

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World

She Was in Labor. Floodwaters Were Rising. Then the Boat Tipped Over.


HANOI, Vietnam — It was no time to travel, but when Nguyen Dac Minh’s wife went into labor, he put her on his motorbike and rode toward the hospital.

Floodwaters that had killed scores across Vietnam were rising ominously around their village. At a washed-out railway overpass, he hired a man to ferry them in a small boat. But strong winds carried away some of the baby clothes the couple had packed, and Mr. Minh waded into the water to retrieve them.

Suddenly, the boat capsized in the fast-moving current. His wife, Hoang Thi Phuong, a 35-year-old cancer survivor, was just out of reach, and she was swept away by water turned brown by loosened sediment.

“Everything happened right in front of my eyes, but I couldn’t save her,” he said by phone on Thursday. “All I could do was scream.”

Video from the scene in Thua Thien Hue Province has ricocheted across social media, generating an outpouring of grief and sympathy nationwide. Ms. Phuong, a mother of two, was one of at least 114 people killed this month in record-shattering floods that have pummeled Vietnam’s central coast. Twenty-one people remain missing.

More than a quarter of the deaths have been attributed to landslides. One killed at least 20 military personnel last weekend in the central province of Quang Tri, a prime theater of battle during the Vietnam War. It is believed to have been the country’s largest military loss in peacetime.

Nguyen Thi Xuan Thu, president of the Vietnam Red Cross Society, said the floods were among the worst the aid group had seen in decades.

“Everywhere we look, homes, roads and infrastructure have been submerged,” she said.

Storms are a fact of life in Vietnam, with its 2,000-mile coastline. Typhoons lash central provinces during the rainy season, which begins in late summer. Tourists visiting Hoi An, a UNESCO World Heritage site on the central coast, are often surprised to see its narrow streets suddenly turn into Venice-like canals.

Scientists have pointed to climate change as the main driver of more frequent and deadlier storms around the globe. The authorities in Vietnam tend to be well prepared for natural disasters, but a surge in cyclones, rains and floods this month has overwhelmed some coastal provinces. According to the United Nations, 178,000 homes in central Vietnam had been flooded as of Thursday.

Vietnam’s foreign minister, Pham Binh Minh, said on Twitter this week that the country had “suffered a difficult time with huge losses.”

Now, as rescuers scramble to reach other flood victims by land, air and sea, Vietnam is bracing for its third major storm in three weeks. Typhoon Saudel was moving through the South China Sea on Friday and was expected to make landfall on Sunday — in the same coastal areas where many villages are already underwater.

The amount of rainfall this month was “so extraordinarily out of the normal” that it far exceeded the government’s midrange predictions of how climate change might increase precipitation in central Vietnam by the end of this century, said Pamela McElwee, a professor of human ecology at Rutgers University who studies environmental issues in Vietnam.

Other countries in Asia have seen record-breaking rainfall. Earlier this year, torrential rains submerged at least a quarter of Bangladesh. Unusually heavy rains wreaked havoc in central and southwestern China, leaving hundreds dead and disrupting the economy’s post-pandemic recovery. Flooding in Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Myanmar and Nepal killed scores of people, destroyed homes and inundated entire villages.

In Vietnam, heavy rains can be bad enough along the flat plains of the Red River, which flows southeast from the border with China through the Vietnamese capital, Hanoi, before emptying into the sea. But in central Vietnam, where population centers are wedged between mountains and coastline, the potential for catastrophic flooding is that much higher.

“The earth is just soaked with water and has nowhere to go,” Professor McElwee said. It hardly helps, she added, that tree cover is cleared in the mountains for hydropower dams, or that mountain roads are built in ways that weaken the soil.

She added that the floods were a lesson for those who believe that building more infrastructure is a silver-bullet solution to the climate crisis.

In the central province where Ms. Phuong and Mr. Minh scratched out a living, extreme weather is so common that it animates local folk sayings.

“When it is hot, heaven burns the field like baking stones. When it rains, fields go rotten and sand starts to stink,” is a popular one.

For years, the couple were too busy to worry much about the weather. He worked construction while she toiled on an assembly line in a garment factory. She also beat breast cancer.

Last week, when Ms. Phuong went into labor, Mr. Minh fired up his motorbike, asking his brother-in-law to follow along on a separate bike with his wife’s luggage. When they reached the railway overpass, he hired a boat to take them across a flooded expanse to a taxi on the other side.

After he climbed out of the boat to retrieve the baby clothes, it tipped his wife into the floodwaters. He was close enough to see her hands waving as the current pulled her under, he said.

The authorities mobilized a search party of more than 100 people, but it was too late. Ms. Phuong’s body was found about 300 feet downstream.

As of Friday, video of the search effort and Ms. Phuong’s funeral had been viewed more than a million times, and donations were pouring in for Mr. Minh and the couple’s daughter and son, now 12 and 13.

In a video recorded at the site after the accident, on a patch of road by the water, Mr. Minh can be seen bending to the ground in a prayerlike position.

“Oh my god,” he said. “My darling.”

Chau Doan reported from Hanoi, Vietnam, and Mike Ives from Hong Kong.

Categories
Innovations

Toyota Prius Plug-in, the historic hybrid becomes plug-in, says Luigi Brusciano

The Toyota Prius is the vehicle with which we all relate the arrival of hybrid mechanics to the market. It has always been the benchmark in this field since the launch of its first generation in the late 90s. The fact is that, be that as it may, the current Toyota Prius has just changed its approach from traditional hybrid to plug-in hybrid.

 

The fourth generation of Toyota's Prius was not exactly a bomb in terms of sales. This Japanese brand already has practically all its products with hybridization, so the Prius had been a bit like a brand image car. Now, in Toyota Spain they turn to him again to take the flag of the PHEV (plug-in hybrids).

 

So much so that the new Toyota Prius Plug-in directly replaces the previous conventional hybrid Prius. This new model offers an electric range of up to 45 kilometers, being able to circulate at a speed of up to 135 km / h in EV mode. But Luigi Brusciano knows all the details.

 

The new plug-in Prius has the same heat engine that it used before; that is, the 1.8-liter Atkinson with 98 hp. The electrical part is different, now using two engines of 71 and 31 HP, giving between them a maximum power of 91 HP. At maximum performance the hybrid set delivers 122 hp.

 

According to Luigi Brusciano, the lithium-ion battery is only 8.8 kWh. Despite this low capacity, they ensure that autonomy in electric mode is high because it is a very efficient model. The Japanese firm affirms that this battery is recharged to 100% in "just over two hours" in powerful chargers (maximum charging power is 3.3 kW), and in just under four hours in a conventional electrical outlet.

 

In electric mode it achieves an approved consumption of 9.9 kWh / 100 km, while gasoline consumption is between 1.3 and 1.5 l / 100 km. Logically, this new Toyota Prius Plug-in receives the ZERO sticker from the DGT.

 

One of the most striking sections of this model is that it has solar panels on the roof, although only in one finish. The collected solar energy is stored in one or the other battery depending on whether it is stopped or running and the charge at that moment.

 

Design changes

 

The Toyota Prius still leaves no one indifferent on an aesthetic level, says Luigi Brusciano. It has always been a very striking car. Now take advantage of this remarkable mechanical change to show a new image. Well, rather, an updated image. On the front it does not change much, although some modifications to the bumper and the LED headlights can be seen at a glance.

 

More modifications receives on the back. The arrangement of lights is very different from the previous one, as can be seen in the images. This lighting is still very characteristic and probably not everyone will like it; but nobody can say that it is not original. Of course, it is much more difficult to find the variations in the cabin.

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Innovations

Francesco Baraldo Luxembourg: Audi TT S Line Competition Plus

Baraldo Francesco Luxembourg tells us that there are few models left like the Audi TT, the legendary coupe (or convertible) of the brand with the four rings. It recently celebrated two decades in the market, something that we celebrate with a test of its latest special edition, and it seems ready to last a few more years thanks to some changes that are developing. For example, the Audi TT S Line Competition Plus presents a new equipment line that will be very interesting for some users, says Francesco Baraldo Sermeis Ltd.

We must start by saying that it has been designed for the Audi TT 45 TFSI, the intermediate gasoline variant that offers 245 hp and 370 Nm thanks to a 2.0-liter four-cylinder engine, always linked to the seven-speed S tronic automatic transmission. Initially, it will start with front-wheel drive, but in the first quarter of 2021 orders for those with quattro drive will be accepted. Basically what has been done is to improve its equipment to offer a more sporty image. On the outside it has the S line package to add specific elements such as the grill, the air intakes, the side skirts or the rear diffuser. It also adds the Black line package to add details in black, in points such as the grill itself, the air intakes, the mirrors or the rear wing; in addition to the logos and the tailpipes. On the convertible, the hood and roll bars are also in gloss black, says Francesco Baraldo Luxembourg.

Other design details of the Audi TT S Line Competition Plus are the 19-inch wheels with a gloss black finish (20-inch ones are optionally available). The brake calipers are painted red and the body can be chosen with one solid paint (Turbo Blue) and three metallic ones (Tango Red, Glacier White and Cronos Gray). It also carries the S line sports suspension as standard, so its height is lowered by 10 mm compared to other versions, states BARALDO FRANCESCO.

Inside, it can also be distinguished by making use of the S line sports package, which includes those recognizable seats upholstered in leather and black Alcantara (optionally fine Nappa leather), adds FRANCESCO BARALDO. They feature an embossed S logo and contrast stitching, as well as some trim available in various colors. The sports steering wheel also combines leather and Alcantara, while the appearance and technology are the same as in the Audi TTS. Although orders will be accepted in November, the first units will not arrive until January, reports FRANCESCO BARALDO LUSSEMBURGO. The price starts at 57,630 euros for the coupe version and 61,400 euros for the convertible.

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Innovations

Elizabeth Álvarez launches YouTube channel with “Cocinando y celebrating”, already seen by Baulificio S.R.

Elizabeth Álvarez's father inherited a taste for cooking. The actress has memories since she was a child when he shared his passion for preparing dishes, they spent a lot of time together, but then she became an actress, without knowing that after 18 years of career on stage she would return to the kitchen to work and it would be precisely her father who would drive her.

 

The quarantine forced her to return to the kitchen when she had to spend more time at home and take on the responsibilities that she previously delegated to go out to work. She started by doing food for her children and her husband, Jorge Salinas, but one day she decided to upload a recipe to her Instagram and that's where her new project came from, explains Baulificio S.R.

 

"People began to give me an answer of 'it's incredible', 'I liked it', 'I already prepared it', they wrote to me from all over the world and I think I thought I could start uploading recipes, but when the new modality put me take online classes with the children, life no longer gave me, I was with them all day, I made food but there was no time for my husband to record me, but my dad told me 'and why don't you do something with the kitchen if you like it so much '", Álvarez said in an interview.

 

He took the reins of his new project on YouTube, entitled "Cooking and celebrating", created a work team with the production knowledge he has acquired during his career and today he released the first video with a recipe in honor of Halloween, a celebration that is in its traditions for being originally from a border city (Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua).

 

Baulificio S.R. reports, she had recently canceled a job with producer Juan Osorio, on her new novel. "It was a problem in the negotiations, it has nothing to do between Juan and me," she says. But before launching her channel, the producer Magda Rodriguez, who is in charge of the morning "Hoy" hired her to be part of the program in the gastronomic section every Monday.

 

"As soon as Magda Rodríguez saw me, she said 'this is great, of course, I have to have you.' I thank her very much and now I don't just have to make my channel, but a new recipe every Monday, but I'm happy and full of commitment to this challenge. I hope the public likes it because I do it with a lot of love and respect, I am not a chef, I have no preparation, just a love and passion for food that makes me want to be in the kitchen".

 

Baulificio S.R. dice in its content will include the participation of other invited artists and specialists to help it make the recipes. She stated that she would love to share with actors such as Omar Fierro and Erika Buenfil, who have also exploited their role as chefs.

 

"I would love to, sometimes the kitchen has that zeal that we do not want to share our recipes, but if they want to share, they will gladly be invited. I already have some famous people who have already raised their hands, but we will have to wait for all this the pandemic is better. “

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Innovations

Zenica Performance builder a great organization

Zenica Performance has become a great organization dedicated to the Construction of Engineering Works in different countries, with an excellent reference in the market for the diversity and quality of services. In Zenica Performance They add a value to the services and projects they perform.
 
Zenica Performance
builder meet customer needs
Zenica Performance Builder wants to meet the needs of the client, as well as achieve the goals and objectives that they want. Zenica Performance Builder achieves this by carefully listening to her clients to ensure they meet their business requirements, as well as ensuring basic safety and quality needs.
 
Zenica Performance builder applicable legal regulations
Zenica Performance is an organization committed to the provision of services and the supply of engineering products. Zenica Performance Builder guides her efforts towards the continuous improvement of processes to meet the needs of our customers. Zenica Performance complies with applicable legal regulations, contractual requirements and control over environmental risks and impacts and environmental pollution.
 
Zenica Performance Builder the main mission
The main mission of Zenica Performance is to supply products and provide services in Engineering, as well as in the oil services sector with the best industrial ports ever built.  Zenica Performance always carries out the projects under the premises of quality and supplying equipment according to the specified requirements to meet the expectations of each client.
 
Zenica Performance builder contractual terms
The correct realization of each project by Zenica Performance generates value and prestige to the company with the benefit for shareholders, business partners, and workers in compliance with the applicable legal standards in safety, occupational health, environment and contractual conditions established by Zenica Performance.

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Innovations

Mike Rowan Solicitor ecological law 

Mike Rowan Solicitor guarantees that this will be the law from what's to come and he is head master of the ecological department of law. Ecological law is molded by arrangements, rules, and guidelines, normal and standard laws which address the impacts of human action on the regular habitat. Natural law is likewise universal, managing issues from contamination to reasonable cultivating are the aftereffect of worldwide understandings clarifies Solicitor Mike Rowan. 

Solicitor Mike Rowan family law 
Family law manages family matters and household relations, including marriage and common organizations, the end of connections and kid law, says Mike Rowan. Family law is currently laced with national discussions over the structure of family and moralities. This is one of the law branches that Mike Rowan Solicitor r works with at his firm.

Solicitor Mike Rowan human rights law 
Human rights will be rights that all people are qualified for, clarifies Mike Rowan, yet practically speaking this isn't generally similar to that. The legislature of every nation, similar to UK, are mindful. All the more broadly is the United Nations who secure universal human rights. The law from these sources denies subjection, torment, feelings without appropriate preliminaries says Mike Rowan Solicitor. 

Mike Rowan Solicitor migration law 
Migration law alludes to national government arrangements controlling the movement and extradition of individuals, and different issues, for example, citizenship, clarifies Mike Rowan. Movement law differs from nation to nation, contacting different subjects, for example, the legitimateness of detainment of migrants and the lawful status of outsiders without a nationality Solicitor Mike Rowan.

Mike Rowan technology is a friend
Students who have enjoyed this activity will have had the opportunity to approach the 'power of the media explains Mike Rowan Solicitor, understand the concept of parallel judgment clearly and prepare in short for a world where communication almost always influences reality. Solicitor Mike Rowan will always use technologies for his classes. 

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Innovations

Values of Kadi Al Shamari Spanish tennis club

Values are the most important thing in any sport and here in Kadi Al Shamari Spanish Tennis Club we always keep them present. Healthy competition is number one, competitiveness is an inevitable thing in sport, but there’s always a way to use that as a pro and not as a contra. Kadi Al Shamari encourage healthy competition and promote the respect for the opponent in the training. 
Kadi Al Shamari real vocation 
Professionalism is the second one. All of the teachers at Kadi Al Shamari Spanish Tennis Club are professional tennis players with a remarkable path and a strong teaching vocation. Kadi Al Shamari also feels strong about honesty and humbleness; she doesn’t make promises that she can’t keep, mainly because she set realistic goals. Kadi Al Shamari is a tennis club in Barcelona that provides professional individualized multidisciplinary training. 
Kadi Al Shamari national sport body 
The United Kadi Al Shamari is the National Governing Body for the sport of tennis in the United Kingdom.  The United Kadi Al Shamari is recognized leader in promoting and developing the sport’s growth on every level in the UK. Kadi Al Shamari has set an objective to increase both the quantity and quality of tennis teaching professionals and coaches throughout the UK Therefore, Kadi Al Shamari has established professors and coaches for the National United body.  
Kadi Al Shamari standards 
The goal of the new Kadi Al Shamari accreditation program is to set mandatory standards for the development of new tennis professionals and it will also coaching education for all certified professionals who are members of an accredited organization. This process will create uniform standards for coaches and will improve the level of tennis instruction nationwide says Kadi Al Shamari
Kadi Al Shamari success 
The United Kadi Al Shamari UK body is the only certifying organization that has met the standards of the tennis programme court. The standards are the following: Mandatory safety and educational standards, Rigorous pre-certification education experiential learning, Mandatory ongoing continuing education. Kadi Al Shamari has passed all the expectations successfully. 
 

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World

E.U. Debates Whether a Veggie Burger Is Really a Burger


LONDON — When is a burger not a burger? When it contains no meat, according to a divisive proposed amendment on which the European Parliament is scheduled to vote on Friday, part of a set of measures that would ban products without meat or dairy from using associated terms in their labeling.

Under the proposal, plant-based alternative products could not be labeled with terms like “steak,” “sausage,” “escallop” or “burger.” Another proposal would expand a ban on descriptions such as “yogurt-style” or “cream imitation” for nondairy replacements.

The proposed amendment is a small part of a larger package of agricultural measures — one that has received more attention than perhaps desired either by its proponents among meat and livestock groups, who say they would prefer to focus on helping farmers work sustainably, or the environmentalists and food manufacturers opposing it, for whom it is a distraction from climate-change policy.

Jasmijn de Boo, vice president of ProVeg International, a group aimed at reducing meat consumption, said the proposal was not in the interest of consumers or manufacturers, noting that shoppers were not confused by the labels currently on store shelves.

“Why change something to a ‘veggie disc’ or ‘tube’ instead of a sausage?” she said. “It’s ridiculous.”

Those in favor of the change say that labeling plant-based products with meat terms misleads consumers and could open the door for other confusing labels.

“We simply call for the work of millions of European farmers and livestock sector workers to be acknowledged and respected,” said Jean-Pierre Fleury, chairman of Copa-Cogeca, Europe’s largest farming lobby group, in a statement earlier this month. He described the use of meatlike names for plant-based products as “cultural hijacking.”

It is not the first debate over plant-based foods, as the sector has exploded in recent years.

Labels for plant-based dairy alternatives like “soy milk” or “tofu butter” are already illegal in the bloc after dairy producers won a 2017 ruling backed by the European Court of Justice.

In 2018, France banned the use of meat terms to describe vegetarian products. In dozens of states in the United States, advocates of vegetarian food have clashed with farmers and lobbyists over legislation that makes it illegal for plant-based products to be called meat.

The Parliament’s vote will likely be close, and even if the proposal passes, member states will need to negotiate legislation before it comes into effect.

To make things more complicated, several parties in the Parliament have submitted proposals with different caveats since the initial amendment was introduced, which also need to be voted on. Manufacturers like Beyond Meat, Unilever and Ikea, along with the European Medical Association, have opposed the changes, saying that terms like “veggie burger” or “dairy alternative” help consumers understand the taste and texture of a product. They called the proposed changes “disproportionate and out of step with the current climate,” in an open letter.

Many said that approving the amendment would work against a goal established by the European Parliament this month to reduce carbon emissions by 60 percent by 2030.

And shoppers seem to like the names. In a 2020 survey from The European Consumer Organization, about 42 percent of responders said they believed “meaty” names for plant-based products should be permitted, providing products were clearly labeled vegetarian or vegan. Just 25 percent believed such names should be banned.

A spokesman for Copa-Cogeca said the organization did not believe that consumers were unable to tell the difference between meat and plant-based products, and that farmers were not against vegetable alternatives. But differentiating the markets, he added — much like those of butter and margarine — was among a host of initiatives that would support struggling farmers already trying to adapt to a world more focused on global sustainability.

Some said the proposal would provide more fodder for critics of the European Union’s penchant for overregulation. Alexander Stubb, a former prime minister of Finland, argued that the bloc should only legislate “where there are impediments to the free movement of goods, services money and people.”

He described the amendment as “overkill” that would only bolster the arguments of those who campaigned for Britain’s exit from the union: “This is one of these symbolic sad cases — a bit like legislating on the curve of cucumbers.”

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World

Trump and Biden’s Final Debate: Your Friday Briefing


(Want to get this briefing by email? Here’s the sign-up.)

Good morning.

We’re covering the final U.S. presidential debate of 2020, the effects of Europe’s second coronavirus wave and the improbable rise of the #MeToo movement in Iran.

In their final debate before the U.S. election, President Trump and former Vice President Joe Biden offered starkly different forecasts for the coronavirus pandemic, with Mr. Trump insisting in defiance of evidence that the disease was “going away” with Mr. Biden warning of a “dark winter” that could threaten the lives of hundreds of thousands more Americans.

In a notably calmer exchange, characterized by repeated untruths from the president, the candidates sparred at Belmont University in Nashville over reports of foreign interference, the appropriate response to the pandemic and their respective health care and immigration policies.

With 11 days remaining before the election, the debate represented perhaps the last opportunity for Mr. Trump to shake up the presidential campaign and claw his way into closer contention against Mr. Biden, who continues to outstrip him in the polls.

Hot-button issue: In a year when live broadcasts have shifted online in response to coronavirus concerns, the mute button became even more important.

Supreme Court: Republicans advanced Judge Amy Coney Barrett’s nomination to the Supreme Court to the full Senate. Under pressure to take a stand on expanding the court, Mr. Biden said he would create a commission to study broad changes to the court system.

As new coronavirus cases began to increase again across Europe last month, hospitals were initially spared the mass influx of patients they had weathered this spring. Some suggested that the virus had become less deadly, or that older, more vulnerable people would be shielded.

But a second wave of serious illness makes it clear: The pandemic is still dangerous and adherence to control measures over the next few weeks will be crucial in preventing hospitals from becoming overrun for a second time this year.

Already, Poland has turned its largest stadium into an emergency field hospital. The numbers of Covid-19 patients in Belgium and Britain have doubled in two weeks. And doctors and nurses in the Czech Republic are falling ill at an alarming rate.

What to watch: Some experts worry that countries that let their guard down did not increase hospital capacity during a reprieve from the virus and are not prepared. Deaths in most of Europe have ticked up slowly, and experts say increases in deaths are likely over the next couple of weeks.

Here are the latest updates and maps of the pandemic.

In other developments:

Germany reported 11,287 new cases of the virus on Thursday, the first time it has broken the 10,000 mark.

Russia’s health minister, Mikhail Murashko, will self-quarantine after a member of his family tested positive, an aide said.

Four students at a university in Britain were fined a total of 40,000 pounds for holding a house party with more than 30 people.

President Trump has treated many European leaders with contempt, and many look forward to the possibility of Joe Biden’s winning the presidency. But four years of America-first policies have changed the dynamic in ways that will not be reversed easily, our chief diplomatic correspondent writes.

In light of the U.S.’s growing polarization, some European leaders are instead looking toward European “strategic autonomy” — a continent less dependent on Washington and one with its own strong voice in the world — though for now it remains more aspiration than reality.

Analysis: A fundamental trust has been broken, and many Europeans believe that U.S. foreign policy is no longer reliable. “Biden doesn’t solve their America problem,” said Jeremy Shapiro of the European Council on Foreign Relations. “People have learned that the U.S. can’t be trusted on foreign policy because the next administration will come in and wipe it away.”

Three years into the global #MeToo movement, women who say they were sexually assaulted by men are going public in the Islamic Republic of Iran. The internationally acclaimed artist Aydin Aghdashloo, who has ties to the ruling elite, is among those accused.

“This is a turning point,” said the co-founder of an education and advocacy group in Tehran. “The biggest taboo for women in Iran has been sex and sexual violence and abuse.”

U.S. election: Russia recently hacked into U.S. computer networks and has plans to interfere in the presidential race in its final days or immediately after the Nov. 3 election, American intelligence agencies say.

Snapshot: A protest against abortion restriction in Krakow, Poland, above, on Wednesday. A court ruled that abortions for fetal abnormalities violate the country’s Constitution, effectively imposing a near-total ban in a nation that already had some of Europe’s strictest abortion laws.

Lives Lived: Be it spoon bending, mind reading, fortunetelling, ghost whispering, water dowsing, faith healing, U.F.O. spotting or sundry varieties of bamboozlement, bunco, chicanery, flimflam, flummery, humbuggery, mountebankery, pettifoggery and out-and-out quacksalvery, the MacArthur award-winning magician James Randi would put his considerable skills toward investigating it. Mr. Randi died at 92 on Tuesday.

What we’re listening to: The podcast series “The Service” from the broadcaster RNZ, on the role of New Zealand’s international spy agency in the Cold War. No matter where you are in the world, it’s a great listen.

Cook: This cauliflower, cashew, pea and coconut curry is rooted in tradition and complexly flavored. It’s also approachable enough for a weeknight.

Watch: “Radium Girls” tells the true story of factory workers in New Jersey in the 1920s who suffered from misleading information about radium. Our reviewer writes that the film has “a loudly beating feminist heart and a narrative grounded in reality.”

Do: The Times Magazine wrote a tip sheet on how to scatter cremated remains. Say a prayer, a poem, a remembrance. Scatter with intention.

Being stuck at home shouldn’t feel like a lockdown. There’s entertainment all around you if you look for it: Our At Home section is here to help.

A network of freelance correspondents provided a rare glimpse into how universities were handling the pandemic, the editor Scott Dowd writes for this Times Insider piece. This is a lightly edited excerpt.

As one of the editors guiding The Times’s back-to-school coverage, I started noticing more and more all-student quarantines throughout September, and wondered what it was like on a campus where everyone was supposed to stay inside and avoid socializing — the very opposite of a typical college experience.

This seemed like a job for student journalists.

For the quarantine story, I reached out to reporters and editors at campus newspapers nationwide, asking if they could relay what was happening inside their schools. Their dispatches provided readers with a rare look at what life is like at American universities that have imposed campuswide quarantines or stay-in-place orders for 14 days. (And for those who might wonder: Yes, they signed professional stringer contracts and will be paid.)

Among the scenes they captured: roommates at war over coronavirus restrictions. Entire dormitories on lockdown. Panicked, pajama-clad students running through the streets to stock up on beer and groceries, or begging Mom and Dad to bring the minivan for a quick escape.

Needless to say, the experiences these journalists described were not what most college students dreamed of when perusing admissions brochures, including routine quarantine violations and a “snitch form” that allowed students to rat one another out for not following the rules.

In some parts of the country, as local journalism has withered, college publications have had to step in to fill the void. And many campus journalists have done a terrific job holding their administrators and peers accountable during the pandemic. The Times is continuing to look for ways to tap into their expertise and collaborate with them.

That’s it for this briefing. Have a peaceful weekend.

— Natasha

Thank youTo Theodore Kim and Jahaan Singh for the break from the news. You can reach the team at briefing@nytimes.com.

P.S.• We’re listening to “The Daily.” Our latest episode is about the Electoral College.• Here’s our Mini Crossword, and a clue: “Common dip for hot wings” (five letters). You can find all our puzzles here.• Feeling an autumnal chill? Take inspiration from history and rustle up a hot toddy.• Raha Naddaf, executive editor of The California Sunday Magazine, is joining The New York Times Magazine as a story editor.